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          【新人教版】(新教材)3Unit1CulturalHeritagePeriod3必修第二冊高中課時檢測(英語 解析版)
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          Local officials in Beijing promised to further protect the city’s cultural heritage, in particular the narrow streets known as Hutong.

          Hutongs are commonly found in the cities of North China, but they are at risk. Beijing is currently believed to have fewer than 1, 000 Hutongs, most of which are near the Forbidden City. Only 60 years ago, the number was 3, 250. In the old districts of Dongcheng and Xicheng, some people will be asked to move from Hutong houses to avoid further damage to the ancient architecture.

          “On average more than 100, 000 people visit the Forbidden City during the National Day holidays. The visits put pressure on the protection of cultural relics, ” said the director of the Beijing Municipal Commission of Urban Planning, adding that Hutongs should be protected from human damage.

          The government focused on how the protection plans were carried out and how the management of cultural heritage worked. The head of the Xicheng district government said the area has 182 cultural relics, many of which were built as far back as the Yuan Dynasty (1271—1368). “The most efficient way is to decrease the local population to reduce the possibility of causing harm to the heritage. ”

          “Each community has been required to report the status of its cultural heritage, especially Hutongs, and any action to damage the heritage will be punished. ”

          No one knows for sure how many Hutongs will be left in the coming 100 years.

          【語篇概述】北京的胡同不僅是小小的街道, 它承載著北京幾百年的歷史和文化。本文主要介紹了北京胡同的歷史、現狀及政府的保護措施。

          1. How many Hutongs have disappeared in the past sixty years in Beijing?

          A. Fewer than 1, 000.        B. About 2, 000.

          C. More than 3, 000.                D. Over 4, 000.

          【解析】選B。細節理解題。根據第二段中的“Beijing is currently believed. . . was 3, 250. ”可知, 北京胡同的數量由60年前的3 250條減少至現在的不到1 000, 共減少了大約2 000條。

          2. According to Paragraph 3, which of the following is the main reason for the damage to cultural relics?

          A. People’s activity.             B. Residents’ attitude.

          C. Communities’ behavior.     D. The governments’ policy.

          【解析】選A。推理判斷題。根據第三段中的“The visits put pressure. . . relics”“Hutongs should be protected from human damage”可知, 文化遺跡遭到破壞的主要因素是人們的活動。

          3. Which of the following is a useful way to protect Hutongs?

          A. To attract more visitors.

          B. To increase the local population.

          C. To punish anyone damaging it.

          D. To forbid everyone from getting close to it.

          【解析】選C。細節理解題。根據倒數第二段中的“. . . any action to damage the heritage will be punished. ”可知, 加大對破壞胡同的行為的懲罰是對保護胡同比較有用的措施。

          4. What is the author’s attitude toward Hutongs?

          A. Optimistic.         B. Pessimistic.

          C. Uninterested.            D. Appreciative.

          【解析】選B。推理判斷題。根據最后一段“No one knows for sure. . . 100 years. ”可知, 作者對胡同未來的命運深感擔憂, 持悲觀態度。

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